The History of Crossbows and Why They Dominate Regular Bows
The crossbow in its self, is a mix between a bow and a rifle.
Much like compound, long and recurve bows, they use fast-moving strings to launch arrows https://absolutesurvivalist.com/best-crossbow-for-the-money.
The things that set crossbows apart as you could probably tell, is the trigger and stock. (from a rifle)
Unlike guns, crossbows have been around much, MUCH longer. They date back as far as 2,500 years ago in the Chinese graves.
They were not only found in China, but also in the Mediterranean area by the fourth century (A.D.).
The similarities between the Chinese and Mediterranean crossbows were the horizontally mounted bows found on the tillers. When shot, the arrow traveled down a groove or through a notch in the tiller.
Both included a feature which made drawing the string, much easier. Looking at today’s modern crossbows, most have a stirrup at the front of the crossbow. A person can brace the crossbow with his foot while drawing the string with both hands or with a hook attached to the feet.
The Chinese and Mediterranean crossbows also employed a trigger system to release the cocked string. The Romanian crossbows (Mediterranean) used what’s called a rotating nut to hold in place the lever, and Chinese crossbows used a system of hooks and levers.
Where the Crossbow Rises Above
Believe it or not, crossbows don’t need nearly the same strength as ordinary bows.
That’s because, when using traditional bows, the shooter must draw, aim and shoot in fairly quick succession. The longer it takes for the shooter to aim, the more fatigued their arm will become, and the less accurate their shot will get.
Note: One of the best examples of a tool that fixed a similar problem was, the bipod. This device when mounted on a rifle, allows the shooter to hold the weapon steady for extended periods of time with amazing accuracy, with nearly no fatigue.
No shaking, no problems!
The person’s height and strength my affect the type of bow they can use.
Say for instance the shooter is relatively short, this means it’s nearly impossible for him to use a long bow.
If the shooter is relatively weak, then his variety of crossbow choices narrows down to just a few that are up to his strength level.
The strongest muscle groups found in our thighs and buttocks, could be used to draw the string with ease. (These add-ons are found on nearly all modern crossbows, and even the best crossbows.)
Lastly, if you thought that crossbows have been the winners through-out history, guess again. It took nearly 1 minute for the shooter to load, aim and shoot. Regular bows on the other hand could do the same in about 6 seconds.